The multifunctional materials, engineering processes and units, developed in VIAM, are protected by more than 5000 certificates of authorship and patents and are successfully applied in many branches of industry, i.e. aviation, space, light and food industries, heavy, power and electrical engineering, motorcar- and carriage-building, medicine, construction engineering and as well as for manufacturing consumer goods, including sports ware.
About 130 developments of the Institute are annually passed to industrial enterprises. VIAM concluded more than 150 Licence agreements and contracts with foreign and domestic enterprises for the transfer of rights to use RF patents and “know-how”.
VIAM-2002 vacuum induction melting and casting unit
Single-crystal structure of the heat-resistant alloy
28.06.1932. Order No. 435 of the People’s Commissariat of heavy industry of the Soviet Union to found All-Union (All-Russian nowadays) Scientific Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM). The Order says: “VIAM is involved in: the study of aviation materials and sources of raw materials; search for new materials and introduction of these materials into the production of aircraft and engines; development of technological processes for the production and application of materials and semi-finished products in the engine, aircraft, airship and aircraft instruments engineering industries…”.
1932. VIAM established the laboratories of general metallurgy, metals corrosion and their protection (sections: aircraft lumber, experimental metallurgy, non-ferrous metals, ferrous metals; chemical engineering and chemical analytical departments).
IL-2 Attack aircraft
1932. “Chromansil” 30 HGSA the first high-strength steel with the strength of 1600-1700 MPa was developed and put into commercial production (I.I. Sidorin, G.V. Akimov) that allowed not to import such kind of steel any longer. The recrystallization theory for aluminium alloys was worked out. (A.A. Bochvar)
1932-1950. The theoretical fundamentals of multielectrode structural metal corrosion were laid. (G.V. Akimov, V.P. Batrakov)
1937. Aircraft armour was created (S.T. Кishkin, N.M. Sklyarov) and afterwards the laboratory of aircraft armour was established.
1940. The high-strength timber composite Delta-timber was developed. (Ya.D. Avrasin)
1942-1943. Soft fibrous tanks with enhanced survivability were created (A.V. Yermolayev). Non-decodable camouflage painting coatings were introduced into war-planes structures. (V.V. Chebotarevsky)
1942-1944. Brazing alloys for valves of aviation engines were created. (A.T. Tumanov, V.P. Grechin, G.V. Akimov, A.A. Kiselyev)
1944-1949. A complex of materials, technologies and methods of inspection for the atomic power engineering was created. (G.V. Akimov, S.T. Kishkin, R.S. Ambartsumyan, A.A. Kiselyov, A.M. Glukhov)
1945. The Institute was awarded the Order of Lenin for the contribution to the victory in the Great Patriotic War.
1947. The laboratories of non-metallic materials (M.V. Sobolevsky), the experimental-technological base of non-metals (N.M. Novikov, M.V. Sobolevsky) and the applied-research laboratory of standardization (M.D. Glezer) were established.
1948-1955. The heterophase theory of heat-resistance was worked out (S.T. Kishkin).
Casting (S.T. Kishkin) and wrought (F.F. Khimushin, K.I. Terekhov, E.F. Trusova, D.E. Lifshits, M.Ya. Lvovsky) Ni-base superalloys for gas turbine engines were created.
Rocket launch complex
1950-1960. The first sealing materials were developed. (N.B. Baranovskaya, L.E. Zelbet, N.I. Rudenko, A.I. Mizikin)
The technologies of vacuum-induction melting, vacuum arc remelting of heat-resistant alloys and high-strength steels were created. (K.K. Chuprin, V.P. Grechin, R.E. Shalin, B.S. Lomberg, P.I. Norin, E.B. Kachanov)
1950-1970. The theoretical fundamentals of alloying the high-strength Aluminium modifications were laid. (V.A. Livanov, I.N. Fridlyander, E.I. Kutaytseva, A.E. Semenov, V.I. Holnova, V.I. Isaev, O.G. Senatorova)
The foundations of the precise casting of large-sized parts for aerospace engineering were laid. (I.G. Liferenko, A.A. Lunev, V.M. Stepanov, M.V. Sladkova, V.M. Korolev, B.M. Kolobashkin, I.D. Abramson, I.M. Demonis)
June 3, 1951. The first Soviet Union laboratory of titanium alloys was established. This event initiated the progress in titanium development in the country. (S.G. Glazunov)
1952. The first domestically produced titanium alloy and the technologies of titanium alloys melting, casting and thermomechanical treatment were developed. (S.G. Glazunov, K.K. Yasinsky, E.I. Morozov, Е.А. Borisova)
1955-1956. The first beryllium-base alloys were created. (I.N. Fridlyander, K.P. Yatsenko, R.E. Shalin).
1958-1968. High-strength corrosion-resistant weldable steels for the “steel” fighter MiG-25 were developed. (Ya.M. Potak, L.Ya. Gurvich, M.V. Poplavko-Mikhaylov, A.F. Petrakov, A.B. Shalkevich)
1960-1970. The precise casting technology for parts of heat-resistant alloys was developed; the technological processes and equipment for the directional solidification and casting of GTE blades with the single-crystal structure were created. (S.T. Kishkin, D.A. Petrov, V.M. Stepanov).
1955-1975. A range of special acid-proof steels for operation in the high-concentrated acid media was created and applied in rocket engineering. (V.P. Batrakov, L.A. Filimonova, A.T. Rachmenskaya, L.A. Usankova, N.I. Talakin, V.P. Zhilikov, V.G. Sapozhnikova, V.I. Negina)
1960-1980. Cast high-strength corrosion-resistant and structural steels (Ya.M. Potak, V.M. Korolev, V.M. Stepanov, Yu.A. Zhmurina) and cast high-strength heat-resistant alloys (S.T. Kishkin, V.M. Korolev, B.M. Kolobashkin, E.G. Kononova) for the casting of large-sized shaped parts for aerospace engineering were developed.
The theoretical fundamentals were developed and the new types of polymer binders, painting materials, adhesives, heat- and erosion-resistant materials, special types of coatings, multifunctional non-metallic (radiotransparent, radioprotective) materials were created. (N.S. Leznov, D.A. Kardashov, V.T. Minakov, V.V. Chebotarevsky, V.A. Kudishina, N.B. Baranovskaya, Yu.A. Dubinker, V.A. Popov, V.A. Frolov, E.K. Kondrashov, B.F. Alekseev, I.I. Denker).
“Sotka”” T-4 experimental attack-reconnaissance plane
1961-1968. A complex of non-metallic materials (high-strength glass fibre reinforced plastics, organic glass, reinforcing fillers, radiotechnical materials, etc.) was worked out. These materials ensure the production of rocket and aircraft structures. (Ya.D. Avrasin, B.A. Kiselyov, V.V. Pavlov, M.Ts. Sakally, M.Ya. Borodin, M.M. Gudimov, B.V. Perov, Ya.М. Parnas, B.I. Panshin, A.S. Frolov)
1965-1991. A superlight weldable corrosion-resistant aluminium-lithium alloy for the aircraft airframe structures was developed. (I.N. Fridlyander, N.I. Kolobnev, O.E. Grushko, V.S. Sandler, S.A. Karimova, V.I. Lukin).
“Mria” An-225 heavy transport aircraft
1970-1990. The laboratory of polymer composite materials was established. The foundations of materials science and a new range of structural and multifunctional composite materials were developed.
Polymer composite materials were applied in airframe structures of An-124, Аn-225, MiG-29, Tu-160, Su-26 aircraft, propeller blades and airframes of Ka-32, Ka-50, Mi-26 helicopters, stator blades and other engine parts of D36, D18 gas turbine engines, extraterrestrial and rocket complexes, man-made satellites and other products of the national economy. (A.T. Tumanov, B.V. Perov, G.M. Gunyaev, G.P. Mashinskaya, T.G. Sorina, A.F. Rumyantsev, V.A. Yartsev, Yu.E. Raskin, G.F. Zhelezina, R.Z. Voloshinova, L.I. Anikhovskaya, V.P. Batizat, L.A. Dementyeva, I.L. Horoshilova).
1970-2000. In VIAM there were developed more than 100 fire-safe materials for the interior of all kinds of passenger airliners and helicopters which ensured non-inflammability of interior materials. VIAM is the only enterprise in the CIS that has the full complex of test equipment estimating the materials fire safety. (V.G. Nabatov, E.K. Kondrashov, E.G. Surnin, V.N. Vorobyev, V.T. Minakov, E.Ya. Beyder, A.N. Kiryushkina, V.V. Pavlov).
VIP compartment interior
1975-1995. A number of high-strength titanium alloys and the technologies of their production and application in structural elements were developed. (S.G. Glazunov, L.P. Luzhnikov, Е.А. Borisova, A.I. Horev, V.N. Moiseyev, J.I. Zakharov, O.P. Solonina, K.K. Yasinsky, V.V. Tetyukhin).
Transportation of “Buran” space shuttle
1973-1987. There was worked out a complex of unique non-metallic materials (fibres, heat protection, adhesives, carbon-carbon materials, painting coatings, etc.) along with the means of non-destructive control, which ensured the production of “Buran” reusable spaceship. (A.T. Tumanov, R.E. Shalin, S.S. Solntsev, V.N. Gribkov, G.M. Gunyaev, A.P. Petrova, E.K. Kondrashov, A.I. Horev, V.T. Minakov, B.V. Shchetanov, V.A. Zasypkin, I.N. Fridlyander, B.V. Perov, B.P. Morin, V.G. Nabatov, V.P. Batizat, A.A. Donskoy, V.S. Rylnikov, V.A. Goltsev, G.A. Morozov, A.K. Denel, I.V. Sobolev, A.Yu. Bersenev, E.E. Mukhanova, L.A.C hatynyan, V.A. Molotova, O.A. Mordovin).
1955-1980. There were developed high-temperature hydraulic fluids for supersonic aircraft, explosion- and fire-safe liquids for civil aviation and anti-icing aviation fluids. (А.Ya. Korolev, L.V. Gornets, Yu.E. Raskin, L.M. Vinogradova, E.E. Mukhanova, I.N. Golovina).
1932-2000. Fillers, solders and manufacturing processes for metallic structural materials welding and soldering were developed. (M.V. Poplavko-Mikhaylov, D.S. Balkovets, Yu.P. Arbuzov, A.I. Gubin, R.S. Kurochko, V.S. Rylnikov, L.I. Sorokin, V.I. Lukin, V.E. Lazko).
1970-1999. There were worked out a concept and scientific fundamentals for the production of Ni-base and intermetallic superalloys as well as the metallic composites. (A.T. Tumanov, S.T. Kishkin, N.F. Lashko, E.N. Kablov, B.S. Lomberg, К.I. Portnoy, S.E. Salibekov, M.B. Bronfin, V.V. Sidorov, I.L. Svetlov, V.P. Buntushkin, V.M. Chubarov, V.A. Turchenkov, A.N. Gribkov, Yu.A. Abuzin, N.V. Petrushin, N.G. Orekhov, V.N. Toloraiya).
1972-1995. The laboratory of protective technological and heat-resistant enamels was established. The fundamentals of the synthesis and the formation and application technologies of a new type of high-temperature glass-ceramic coatings and materials were created. These coatings were successfully applied at the engineering plants when manufacturing MiG-25, Il-76, An-22, Tu-160, Su-25, Su-27, MiG-29 aircraft and virtually all gas turbine and liquid-propellant jet engines. For the first time in the world practice reaction-cured coatings for the thermal protection of “Buran” reusable spaceship were developed. The theoretical fundamentals of creating ceramic, carbon- and glass-ceramic composite materials and coatings were laid. (S.S. Solntsev, V.A. Rozenenkova, V.V. Shvagireva, N.V. Isaeva, R.N. Dodonov, E.V. Semenova, G.A. Solovyeva, Z.I. Ryakhovskaya, N.A. Mironova).
High-temperature ceramic and glass-ceramic
composite materials for the structural
application and heat protection
There were developed the technology and equipment for the high-gradient casting of single-crystal blades with the transpiration cooling and their protection against the high-temperature gaseous corrosion; high temperature alloys with higher Rhenium content were created for gas turbine engines. (E.N. Kablov, I.M. Demonis, S.A. Muboyadzhyan, I.L. Svetlov, V.А. Nikolaev, A.S. Pakhomov, V.V. Gerasimov, Yu.A. Bondarenko, V.N. Toloraiya, N.G. Orekhov, N.V. Petrushin).
AL-31F variable thrust vector engine
Su-30 modern fighter-bomber
1980-2000. The concept of intellectual and adaptable polymer composite materials was proposed and realized. For the first time in the world practice a swept-forward wing of adaptable carbon-reinforced plastic was created and applied in S-37 aircraft. (G.M. Gunyaev, R.E. Shalin, T.G. Sorina, G.P. Mashinskaya, G.A. Morozov, G.F. Zhelezina, E.N. Kablov, V.T. Minakov).
Polymer composites are being widely applied in the aircraft and helicopter structures, i.e. in Tu-204, Il-96-300, Tu-334, Il-114, Ka-62, S-37, etc. (G.M. Gunyaev, T.G. Sorina, A.F. Rumyantsev, G.P. Mashinskaya, B.V. Perov, M.P. Uralsky, V.T. Minakov, V.P. Batizat, R.I. Ivanova, V.V. Kosteltsev, N.B. Baranovskaya, A.V. Savenkova, Z.N. Kolobova, M.G. Dolmatovsky).
The complex anticorrosion protection of aircraft engineering operating under the various climatic conditions was developed and implemented. (A.D. Zhirnov, S.A. Karimova, T.G. Pavlovskaya, L.I. Pribylova, E.V. Plaskeev, V.N. Vladimirsky, M.G. Ofitserova).
1982. VIAM was awarded the Order of October Revolution for the great achievements in the field of materials production for new models of engineering.
1994. VIAM was awarded the status of a RF State Research Centre (RF Government Decree No. 247 dtd. 29.03.1994). The status was confirmed by RF Government Decree No. 159-R dtd. 29.01.2000 and FR Government Order No. 1769-r dtd. 31.12.2004.
2002 till now
In 2002 VIAM celebrated its 70th anniversary. The RF President Decree granted Recognition to VIAM employees for the contribution to the development and creation of new materials for aerospace engineering.
The celebrations took place in the State Kremlin Palace.
The Ceremonial meeting in the State Kremlin Palace
The prominent scientists of the institute were awarded the State Awards, Honorary Titles and Honorary Diplomas of the RF Government and Rosaviakosmos.
The speech of E.N. Kablov, VIAM Director General, in the State Kremlin Palace
The following Orders are granted to:
“Order of Merit for the Country” Class III - I.N. Fridlyander,
“Order of Merit for the Country” Class IV - E.N. Kablov, S.T. Kishkin,
“Order of Honour” - В.Т. Минаков.
The following Medal is granted to:
“Medal of the Order of Merit for the Country” Class II - I.V. Somova, Yu.N. Shevchenko, L.N. Tupitsina, A.B. Shalkevich.
The Honorary Titles are granted to:
“Honoured Machine Engineer of the Russian Federation” - A.S. Pakhomov,
“Honoured Metallurgist of the Russian Federation” - I.M. Demonis.
72 employees of the institute are awarded the Honorary Diplomas of the RF Government and Rosaviakosmos.
For the last three years a great deal of work was done to reconstruct the existing working areas and to construct new ones, to repair, modernize and renew the test equipment and research facilities and to train scientists and researchers.
VIAM is actively cooperating with the leading aviation companies of Russia and the world on creating and using the materials in modern aeronautical engineering and aircraft: А-380 (EU), Boeing-787 (USA), Tu-204, Tu-334, Be-200, MS-21, RRJ (Russia).
The following scientists made a considerable contribution to the institute’s establishment and development, to the scientific inventions and their further introduction into design bureaus and manufacturing plants:
G.V. Akimov, M.F. Alekseenko, M.B. Altman, R.S. Ambartsumyan, Ya.D. Avrasin, F.F. Azhogin, V.P. Batrakov, S.Z. Bokshteyn, N.B. Baranovskaya, N.I. Block, A.V. Baltadzhi, V.A. Bogatov, Z.I. Brazhnikova, B.N. Vazhnov, A.M. Volobuyev, S.G. Glazunov, M.M. Gudimov, G.M. Gunyaev, L.Ya. Gurvich, M.A. Genkin, V.M. Goryunov, A.L. Dorofeyev, I.M. Demonis, V.I. Dushina, A.V. Ermolaev, V.I. Zasulsky, I.A. Zavarzin, V.V. Ioda, N.V. Kadobnova, D.A. Kardashov, S.I. Kishkina, S.T. Kishkin, E.N. Kablov, E.K. Kondrashov, B.A. Kiselyov, I.F. Kolobnev, N.I. Korneyev, G.A. Kruglov, Yu.I. Kaplin, A.V. Krasnikov, B.S. Lomberg, N.S. Leznov, S.A. Moiseyev, G.M. Maksimenkov, S.A. Muboyadzhyan, B.V. Perov, A.F. Petrakov, К.I. Portnoy, Ya.M. Potak, V.V. Pavlov, S.E. Pavlov, A.S. Pakhomov, N.S. Postnikov, V.N. Padeysky, E.I. Razuvaev, S.M. Rozhdestvensky, N.M. Sklyarov, V.M. Stepanov, I.P. Semikin, D.P. Starkov, G.I. Savelyeva, I.V. Somova, A.T. Tumanov, M.A.Timonova, L.N. Tupitsyna, Ya.B. Fridman, G.M. Khazanov, V.V.Tcherkasov, L.V. Chursova, R.E. Shalin, K.Ya. Shpunt, D.Ya. Shrayber, M.Ya. Sharov, V.A. Yamchuk,
as well as the following representatives of the Ministry of Defense:
V.P. Veselkov, V.G. Zhuravlyov, V.S. Koshevoy, V.F. Korotkov, J.G. Romushkevich, N.F. Starostenko, А.L. Sokolov, Yu.N. Shevchenko.
Tu-204 passenger plane
The institute engaged prominent scientists with the high prestige, recognized in the whole world, Academicians and Corresponding Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences: K.A. Andrianov, G.V. Akimov, R.S. Ambartsumyan, A.A. Bochvar, P.A. Deryagin, V.A. Dobatkin, S.T. Kishkin, A.T. Tumanov, Ya.I. Frenkel;
Academicians of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic N.N. Davidenkov and of the Byelorussian one B.V. Erofeev.
Today 1 Academician and 2 Corresponding Members of RAS, i.e. I.N. Fridlyander, R.E. Shalin and E.N. Kablov work in VIAM.
1932-1933 Director - I.A. Bakhmatov
1933-1938 Director - V.L. Desyatnikov;
Technical Director - I.I. Sidorin, professor
1938-1951, 1955-1976 Director - major-general А.Т. Tumanov, Corresponding Member of the Soviet Union Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical sciences, Professor
1951-1955 Director - N.D. Bobovnikov
1976-1996 Director - R.E. Shalin, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical sciences, Professor
From 1996 till now Director General - E.N. Kablov, Academician, Professor